Rivers of India GK Questions and Answers SSC, UPSC Free 2024

Rivers of India GK Questions

Rivers of India – In various competitive examinations, questions related to rivers of India are often asked from the topic of Geography. In this article, we are discussing the frequently asked questions from Rivers of India in various exams like UPSC IAS, SSC MTS, SSC GD, SSC CHSL, SSC CGL, SSC CPO, NDA, CDS, Bank PO, IBPS. If you also want to improve your general knowledge, then read this article completely.

Read this also – Static GK Topics

Rivers of India GK

Question 1 – Lokpavani and Bhavani rivers are whose tributaries?

Answer – Lokpavani and Bhavani rivers are tributaries of Kaveri.

  • Following are the names of the tributaries of the Cauveri River of South India.
  • Left side tributaries of Kaveri – Harangi, Hemavati, Shimsha, Arkavathi, etc.
  • Right tributaries of Kaveri – Lakshman Tirtha, Kabini, Bhavani, Noyyal, Amravati, Moyar etc.

Question 2 – Which is the west-flowing river in Rajasthan, which disappears at the spot itself?

Answer – Luni River

It originates from Nag Pahar (Snake Mount) in Ajmer district near the Aravalli Mountains, flows 330 kilometers in Rajasthan in the southwest region, and meets the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat.

Question 3 – Through which state does the Narmada River fall into the Arabian Sea?

Answer – Gujarat

  • Originates from Amarkantak Peak.

Question 4 – On which disputed river is Hirakud Dam situated between Chhattisgarh and Odisha?

Answer – Mahanadi, Odisha

Question 5 – Which river is called the Sorrow of Bihar?

Answer – Kosi River

Damodar River – Sorrow of West Bengal

Question 6 – Which of the following rivers originates from Gangotri glacier?

Answer – Ganga

It flows through Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.

Question 7 – At which place is the Brahmaputra river known as Tsangpo?

Answer – Tibet

  • It is known as Dihang in Arunachal Pradesh, Brahmaputra in Assam, and Jamuna in Bangladesh.

Question 8 – Through which states does Bhima, a tributary of Krishna River, flow?

Answer – Maharashtra, Karnataka and Telangana

Question 9 – Whose tributary is Banas?

Answer – Chambal River

  • Chambal River originates from the Janapav hills of Madhya Pradesh which is a part of the Vidhyanchal Mountains.
  • The Chambal River flows in Madhya Pradesh, passes through Rajasthan, and joins the Yamuna River in Uttar Pradesh state and Yamuna joins the Ganga River.

Question 10 – Which river does not flow in the state of Punjab?

Option – Brahmani, Vyas, Sindhu and Satluj

Answer – Brahmani [Odisha]

Question 11 – Which industry is on the banks of the Hooghly River in West Bengal?

Answer – Jute Industry

Question 12 – Where does the Tapti River originate?

Answer – Multai, Gavilgarh Hill [Madhya Pradesh]

  • Following are the tributaries of the Tapti River-
  • Girna, Nesu, Amravati, Buraya, Panjhara, Bori, Vaghur, Purna, Mona, Sipna, Waki, Aner, Arunavati, Gomai etc.

Question 13 – What is the name of the river that meets Alaknanda after traveling 193 km from Gomukh?

Answer – Bhagirathi

Question 14 – What is the origin of the Godavari River?

Answer – Originates from the Trimkeshwar hills near Nashik.

Question 15 – A program was launched to revive which river in Rajasthan?

Answer – Arvari

  • Arvari River is a small river in the Indian state of Rajasthan.
  • The 90 km long river flows through the Alwar district of Rajasthan.
  • It was revived in 1990 after remaining dry for 60 years.

Question 16 – From which mountain does the Pena River originate in South India?

Answer – Originates from Nandi Hills in Karnataka.

Question 17 – Where do Alaknanda and Bhagirathi rivers meet?

Answer – Devprayag

Question 18 – In which region of Gondwana region is the maximum production of coal taking place?

Answer – Damodar River Valley area

Question 19 – Bhakra Nagal Dam has been constructed on which river?

Answer – Sutlej

Question 20 – Which of the following is not a tributary of Yamuna?

Answer – Gandak

Following are the tributaries of Yamuna-

  • Left – Hindan, Hanuman Ganga, Sasur Khaderi etc.
  • Right – Tons, Giri, Baghain, Chambal, Betwa, Sindh, Ken, etc.

Question 21 – Which dam was built on the Bhagirathi River?

Answer – Tehri Dam

  • With a height of 260 meters, Tehri Dam is the highest dam in India and the 8th highest dam in the world.

Question 22 – Which of the following rivers flows in Nepal?

Answer – Karnali

  • The first group includes Kali (Sharda), Sarju, Kurnali, East Sarju and Rapti rivers.
  • All this together forms the Ghaghra River and joins the Ganga.
  • Sapta Gandaki River comes in the second group, which originates between the peaks named Dhaulagiri and Gosaithan and turns into Gandak at Triveni ghat.

Question 23 – In which direction does the Brahmaputra River flow in the Himalayas?

Answer – North direction

Question 24 – Which of the following is a river flowing from east to west?

Option – Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri and Narmada

Answer – Narmada

Question 25 – Which of the following is a river falling into the Arabian Sea?

Answer – Narmada

Rivers falling into the Arabian Sea – Luni River, Sabarmati River, Mahi River, Narmada River, Tapti River, Mandvi River, Juwari River, Sharavati River, etc.

Question 26 – Which Himalayan river originates from the west of India?

Option – Sindhu, Luni, Alaknanda and Bhagirathi

Answer – Sindhu

Question 27 – Match the following river and the cities on its banks.

Answer – Godavari – Nashik

  • Sabarmati – Ahmedabad
  • Hooghly – Kolkata

Question 28 – Mahanadi is the longest river of which state?

Answer – Odisha

  • It is the largest river in Chhattisgarh and Odisha region.
  • In ancient times, the name of Mahanadi was Chitrotpala. Mahananda and Neelotpala too are names of Mahanadi.
  • Mahanadi originates from a mountain range called Sihawa located in Dhamtari district near Raipur.

Question 29 – Narmada Bachao Andolan is related to which dam?

Answer – Sardar Sarovar Dam

  • Narmada Bachao Andolan has been opposing the Sardar Sarovar Project, which is important for four states of India, since 1985.

Question 30 – Which dam was constructed in 1970, due to which the displaced people have not yet received compensation?

Answer – Tawa Dam, Madhya Pradesh

Question 31 – Manjra, Purna, and Wardha are whose tributaries?

Answer – Godavari

Other tributaries – Pravara, Manjira, Maner

Left – Purna, Indravati [biggest], Sabari, Pranahita, Indravati, Sabari etc.

Question 32 – In which state is the origin place of Budhabalanga and Baitarani rivers located?

Answer – Odisha

Other rivers of Odisha – Baitarani River, Bhargavi River, Brahmani River, Budhbalanga River, Daya River, Dhamra River, Ib River, Koina River, Mahanadi, Malguni River, Nagavali River etc.

Question 33 – Which of the following rivers originates from Gangotri glacier?

Answer – Ganga

  • It flows through Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
  • Following are the names of the major tributaries of Ganga.
  • Left – Ramganga, Gomti, Koshi, Mahananda, Ghaghra, Gandak etc.
  • Right – Yamuna, Tamsa, Karmanasa, Son, Punpun, Damodar, Ajoy, Roopnarayan etc.

Question 34 – In which state is the Gosikhurd Irrigation Project located?

Answer – Maharashtra

  • Built on the Venganga River, a tributary of the Godavari River.
  • Other Name – Indira Sagar Irrigation Project

Question 35 – Which of the following is not a tributary of Yamuna?

Answer – Tributaries of Yamuna

  • Source – Bandarpooch, Yamunotri

Question 36 – Sardar Sarovar Dam is built on which river?

Answer – Narmada [Gujarat]

Dam on Narmada in MP – Bargi, Indirasagar, Omkareshwar

Question 37 – The Indira Gandhi Canal passes through which state?

Answer – Rajasthan

  • The canal starts from Harike Barrage built at the confluence of Sutlej and Beas rivers near Firazpur in Punjab.
  • This longest canal in the country is 649 kilometers long.

Question 38 – Dhuandhar Falls is formed by which river?

Answer – Narmada River

  • Located in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh.

Question 39 – Which of the following is a tributary of Brahmaputra?

Answer – Mahadayi River

Following are the names of tributaries of Brahmaputra-

  • Left – Lhasa, Nyaung, Parlang Zangbo, Lohit, Dihing, Disang, Dhansiri, Kolong etc.
  • Right – Kameng, Manas, Raidak, Teesta, Subansiri, Sonkosh, Gadadhar.

Question 40 – Which statement is wrong regarding the Godavari River?

Answer – The Godavari River originates from the Trimbakeshwar hills near Nashik in Maharashtra. It is the longest river of peninsular India. It is also known as the Ganga of the South.

Question 41 – In which state does the Periyar River flow?

Answer – Kerala

  • Periyar is the longest and largest river in Kerala state of India.
  • It begins at the heights of the Western Ghats in the state of Tamil Nadu.
  • The Idukki Dam, the largest source of hydroelectricity in Kerala, is built on it.

Question 42 – Which river originates from the Amarkantak hills?

Answer – Narmada, Son and Vohila

Question 43 – Kumaon Himalaya is situated between which two rivers?

Answer – Sutlej and Kali River

  • Indus to Sutlej – Punjab Himalaya
  • Kali to Tista – Nepal Himalaya
  • Teesta to Dihang – Assam Himalaya

Question 44 – Which of the following rivers originates from the Malwa plateau?

Answer – Betwa, Ken, Chambal and Kali

  • The Malwa plateau is a triangular plateau at the base of the Vindhya hills.
  • Bundelkhand is situated in its east and Aravalli hills are situated in the north-west.

Question 45 – Which land area is spread 2500 km between Indus and Brahmaputra?

Answer – Plains of Northern India or the Himalayas.

Question 46 – What is the main cause of coliform bacteria in river Ganga?

Answer – Disposal of burnt dead bodies

  • FC bacteria such as E. coli bacteria are found in human feces, which has increased due to sewer water being directly discharged into the Ganga River.

Question 47 – Which is the international river flowing through Jammu and Kashmir?

Answer – Indus River

Following are the names of the major tributaries of the Indus River.

  • Tributaries from the left side of the Indus – Zaskar, Jhelum, Chenab, Beas, Sutlej, Hakra, etc.
  • Tributaries from the left side of the Indus – Shyok[C], Kabul, Gilgit, Swat, Khurram, Jhob etc.

Question 48 – Which river is known as the sorrow of Bihar?

Answer – Kosi River

  • The floods that occur in it cause a lot of devastation in Bihar due to which this river is called the ‘curse of Bihar’ (sorrow of Bihar).

Question 49 – Which of the following is not a tributary of Brahmaputra?

Answer – Gandak

Gandak is a tributary of the Ganga.

Question 50 – Linganamakki Dam is built on which of the following rivers?

Answer – Sharavati River, Karnataka

Question 51 – What percentage of water from the Indus River does India use?

Answer – 20%

  • The Indus Waters Agreement was signed in Karachi on September 19, 1960, by Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru and President of Pakistan Ayub Khan.

Question 52 – What is Panthalassa?

Answer – Super Ocean

  • In ancient times, all the oceans were one, which was called Panthalassa and all the continents were one, which was called Pangea.

Question 53 – Umananda Island is situated in which river?

Answer – Brahmaputra, Assam

  • “Umanand” is the smallest river island in the Brahmaputra River flowing through Guwahati city of Assam.

Question 54 – Shyok is the tributary of which river?

Answer – Sindhu

Following are the names of the tributaries of the Indus.

  • Left – Zaskar, Jhelum, Chenab, Beas, Satluj Hakra
  • Right – Shyok[C], Kabul, Gilgit, Swat, Khurram, Jhob etc.

Question 55 – Which 724 km long river originates from Madhya Pradesh and falls into the Arabian Sea?

Answer – Tapi River

  • Source – Multai, Gavilgarh hill

Question 56 – What is the name of the world’s largest river island formed by the Brahmaputra River?

Answer – Manjuli

  • Mayur Island is also formed by the Brahmaputra River.

Question 57 – Which river originates from the hills of Mahabaleshwar?

Answer – Krishna River

  • Mahabaleshwar is the source of five rivers, namely the Krishna River, Koyna, Venna (Veni), Savitri, and Gayatri. The source is in the Panchaganga temple at Old Mahabaleshwar.

Question 58 – Whose tributaries are Zaskar, Nubra, and Shyok?

Answer – Indus River

Question 59 – Bari Doab is the area between which two rivers?

Answer – Ravi and Vyas

Following are the names of other Doabs of India-

  • Bari – Raavi and Vyas
  • Doab – Ganga and Yamuna
  • Bist Doab – Beas River and Sutlej River
  • Jech Doab – Jhelum and Chenab rivers

Question 60 – Which of the following is the function of a dam?

Answer – Water for drinking and industrial use, irrigation, flood control, hydropower generation, inland navigation, entertainment, etc.

Question 61 – Where does the Krishna River originate?

Answer – Mahabaleshwar Hill, Maharashtra

Question 62 – ‘Ong’ and ‘Tel’ are tributaries of which river?

Answer – Mahanadi

  • Source – Dhamtari, Dandakaranya [Chhattisgarh]
  • Tributaries – Ong, Seonath, Mand, Ib, Jonk Hasdev etc.

Question 63 – Which river is called Ganga of the South?

Answer – Godavari

  • Due to its connection with Gautam, it is also known as Gautami.
  • It is believed that bathing in this river washes away all sins, which is why it is also known as “Vriddha Ganga” or “Ancient Ganga”.

Question 64 – Which river originates from the Chhota Nagpur plateau?

Answer – Damodar

Question 65 – When did the Government of India start the Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Program?

Answer – April, 2012

  • The Government of India, with financial assistance from the World Bank, launched the Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) in April 2012 to improve the safety and operational performance of selected existing dams.

Question 66 – How is a river meander formed?

Answer – Due to the gradient of the flow path being very gentle, the river (when the quantity of water is less) flows in a crooked or serpentine path.

Question 67 – Which river falls into the Rann of Kutch?

Answer – Luni River

Source – Pushkar Valley, Aravalli [Rajasthan]

Question 68 – When rivers originate from the mountains, they get divided into many streams before meeting the sea, what is it called?

Answer – Radial drainage pattern

  • It is formed in those areas where rivers originate from a hill and flow in all directions.
  • Example:- Rivers originating from Amarkantak range; Narmada and Son rivers.

So, in this article, we have discussed the questions asked in various examinations related to the rivers of India and the dams built on them. We hope you liked this post.

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