106 National Parks in India SSC, UPSC GK Questions 2024 Free PDF

National Parks in India – At present, there are 106 national parks in India, whose total area is 44,378 square km and 1.35% of the total area of India. In 2021, two latest national parks were announced in Assam namely Raimona National Park and Dihing Patkai National Park. The first national park in India was established as Jim Corbett National Park in the state of Uttarakhand in the year 1936. Till the year 1970, there were a total of 5 national parks in India, whose number at present [by January 2024] has increased to 106. In this article, we going to read about 106 National Parks in India with related GK Questions.

Read Also – 54 Tiger Reserves in India GK

National Park in India is declared by the state government under section 35 of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

Total Protected Areas in India

India has a total of 998 protected areas including 106 National Parks, 567 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 131 Marine Protected Areas, 18 Biosphere Reserves, 88 Conservation Reserves, and 127 Community Reserves. These protected areas cover a total of 1, 73,629.52 km2 of the geographical area of the country which is approximately 5.28%.

National Parks in India Facts

  • Largest National Park of India – Hemis National Park [Ladakh]
  • Smallest National Park of India – South Button National Park [A & N]
  • First Marine National Park of India – Gulf of Kutch National Park [Gujarat]
  • India’s only floating national park – Keibul Lamjao National Park [Manipur]

UNESCO Heritage Sites National Parks

A total of 8 parks in India are included in the UNESCO heritage.

  1. Kaziranga National Park [Assam-1985]
  2. Manas National Park [Assam-1985]
  3. Keoladeo National Park [Rajasthan-1985]
  4. Sundarbans National Park [WB-1987]
  5. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Park [Uttarakhand-2005]
  6. Great Himalaya National Park [Himachal Pradesh – 2014]
  7. Kangchenjunga National Park [Sikkim – 2016]

106 National Parks in India List

The list of 106 National Parks, their state, declared year, and area of National Parks are given in the table below.

S.N.StateNational ParkYear
1.Andhra PradeshPapikonda National Park2008
2.Andhra PradeshRajiv Gandhi (Rameswaram) National Park2005
3.Andhra PradeshSri Venkateswara National Park1989
4.TelanganaKasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park1994
5.TelanganaMahaveer Harina Vanasthali National Park1994
6.TelanganaMrugavini National Park1994
7.Arunachal PradeshNamdapha National Park1983
8.Arunachal PradeshMouling National Park1986
9.AssamDibru Saikhova National Park1999
10.AssamKaziranga National Park1974
11.AssamManas National Park1990
12.AssamNameri National Park1998
13.AssamOrang National Park1999
14.AssamDihing Patkai National Park2021
15.AssamRaimona National Park2021
16.BiharValmiki National Park1989
17.ChhattisgarhIndravati National Park1982
18.ChhattisgarhKanger Valley National Park1982
19.ChhattisgarhGuru Ghasidas National Park1981
20.GoaBhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary And Mollam National Park1992
21.GujaratBlackbuck National Park1976
22.GujaratGir National Park1975
23.GujaratGulf of Kutch National Park1982
24.GujaratVansda National Park1979
25.HaryanaKalesar National Park2003
26.HaryanaSultanpur National Park1989
27.Himachal PradeshPin Valley National Park1987
28.Himachal PradeshGreat Himalayan National Park1984
29.Himachal PradeshInderkilla National Park2010
30.Himachal PradeshKhirganga National Park2010
31.Himachal PradeshSimbalbara National Park2010
32.LadakhHemis National Park1981
33.Jammu & KashmirDachigam National Park1981
34.Jammu & KashmirKishtwar National Park1981
35.Jammu & KashmirSalim Ali City Forest National Park1992
36.JharkhandBetla National Park1986
37.KarnatakaBandipura National Park1974
38.KarnatakaBannerghatta National Park1974
39.KarnatakaKudremukh National Park1987
40.KarnatakaNagarhole (Rajiv Gandhi) National Park1988
41.KarnatakaAnshi National Park1987
42.KeralaEravikulam National Park1978
43.KeralaMathikettan Shola National Park2003
44.KeralaPeriyar National Park1982
45.KeralaSilent Valley National Park1984
46.KeralaAnamudi Shola National Park2003
47.KeralaPambadum Shola National Park2003
48.Madhya PradeshBandhavgarh National Park1968
49.Madhya PradeshKanha National Park1955
50.Madhya PradeshMadhav National Park1959
51.Madhya PradeshFossils (Mandla) National Park1983
52.Madhya PradeshPanna National Park1981
53.Madhya PradeshPench (Indira Priyadarshini) National Park1975
54.Madhya PradeshSanjay Dhubri National Park1981
55.Madhya PradeshSatpura National Park1981
56.Madhya PradeshVan Vihar National Park1979
57.Madhya PradeshKuno National Park2010
58.MaharashtraChandoli National Park2004
59.MaharashtraGugamal National Park1987
60.MaharashtraNawegaon National Park1975
61.MaharashtraSanjay Gandhi National Park1983
62.MaharashtraTadoba National Park1955
63.MaharashtraPench (Jawaharlal Nehru) National Park1975
64.ManipurKeibul Lamjao National Park1977
65.MeghalayaBalpakram National Park1985
66.MeghalayaNokrek Ridge National Park1986
67.MizoramMurlen National Park1991
68.MizoramPhawngpui National Park1992
69.NagalandItanki National Park1993
70.OdishaBhitarkanika National Park1988
71.OdishaSimlipal National Park1980
72.RajasthanSariska National Park1982
73.RajasthanRanthambore National Park1980
74.RajasthanMukundara Hills National Park2006
75.RajasthanGreat Desert National Park1992
76.RajasthanKeoladev National Park1981
77.SikkimKhangchendzonga National Park1977
78.Tamil NaduMudumalai National Park1990
79.Tamil NaduMukurthi National Park1990
80.Tamil NaduAnamalai (Indira Gandhi) National Park1989
81.Tamil NaduGuindy National Park1976
82.Tamil NaduGulf of Mannar Marine National Park1980
83.TripuraRajbari (Bison) National Park2007
84.TripuraClouded Leopard National Park2007
85.Uttar PradeshDudhwa National Park1977
86.UttarakhandGangotri National Park1989
87.UttarakhandGovind Pashu Vihar National Park1990
88.UttarakhandJim Corbett National Park1936
89.UttarakhandNanda Devi National Park1982
90.UttarakhandRajaji National Park1983
91.UttarakhandValley of Flower National Park1982
92.West BengalGorumara National Park1992
93.West BengalBuxa National Park1992
94.West BengalNeora Valley National Park1986
95.West BengalSingalila National Park1986
96.West BengalJaldpara National Park2014
97.West BengalSundarban National Park1984
98.Andaman & NicobarMahatma Gandhi Marine National Park1983
99.Andaman & NicobarMiddle Button Island National Park1987
100.Andaman & NicobarMount Harriett National Park1987
101.Andaman & NicobarNorth Button Island National Park1987
102.Andaman & NicobarRani Jhansi Marine National Park1996
103.Andaman & NicobarSaddle Peak National Park1987
104.Andaman & NicobarSouth Button Island National Park1987
105.Andaman & NicobarCampbell Bay National Park1992
106.Andaman & NicobarGalathea National Park1992

Top 10 National Parks in India

India is known for its incredible biodiversity and stunning natural landscapes, and it is home to numerous national parks that showcase the country’s rich wildlife and natural beauty. While the ranking of national parks can vary depending on personal preferences, here is a list of 10 highly acclaimed national parks in India:

  1. Jim Corbett National Park, Uttarakhand: The oldest national park in India, famous for its population of Bengal tigers and diverse wildlife.
  2. Kaziranga National Park, Assam: A UNESCO World Heritage Site and home to two-thirds of the world’s population of Indian one-horned rhinoceroses.
  3. Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh: One of the largest national parks in India, known for its tiger population, as well as barasingha deer and diverse bird species.
  4. Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan: Located near the famous Ranthambore Fort, it offers a great chance to spot Bengal tigers in their natural habitat.
  5. Sunderban National Park, West Bengal: A unique mangrove ecosystem and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, known for its Royal Bengal tigers and other wildlife.
  6. Periyar National Park, Kerala: Located in the Western Ghats, it is famous for its herds of wild elephants, as well as tigers, leopards, and rare bird species.
  7. Bandhavgarh National Park, Madhya Pradesh: Known for having one of the highest tiger population densities in India and famous for its scenic beauty.
  8. Tadoba National Park, Maharashtra: One of the largest and oldest national parks in Maharashtra, offering excellent opportunities for tiger sightings.
  9. Gir Forest National Park, Gujarat: The only place in the world where Asiatic lions are found in the wild, making it a significant conservation site.
  10. Nagarhole National Park, Karnataka: A part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, known for its rich biodiversity, including tigers, elephants, and rare bird species.

These national parks offer a wide range of wildlife experiences, breathtaking landscapes, and opportunities for nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers to witness India’s natural wonders up close.

National Parks in India GK Questions

Question – At present how many national parks are in India?

Answer – There are a total of 106 national parks in India. There were five national parks in India till the year 1970 and the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 started giving the status of national parks in India. As of December 2023, There are a total of 106 National Parks in India.

Question – Which is the largest national park in India?

Answer – Hemis National Park, located in the Union Territory of Ladakh, is the largest national park in South Asia as well as India, apart from a snow leopard, many animals like deer, macaw, red wolf, vulture, and golden eagle are seen.

Question – Which is the smallest national park in India?

Answer – The smallest national park in India is the South Button Island National Park, which is located in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is spread over an area of just 0.03 square kilometers and was established in 1987 to protect the dugong species, which is a type of marine mammal.

Question – In which state of India is Kaziranga National Park located?

Answer – Kaziranga National Park is a national park in the state of Assam, India. The park is particularly famous for the one-horned rhinoceros (Indian rhinoceros).

Question – Where is Jim Corbett National Park located in India?

Answer – It is located near Ramnagar town in Nainital district of Uttarakhand and was named after Jim Corbett who played an important role in its establishment. It was the first national park to come under the Project Tiger initiative.

Question – How many protected areas are there in India?

Answer – India has a total of 998 protected areas including 106 National Parks, 567 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 131 Marine Protected Areas, 18 Biosphere Reserves, 88 Conservation Reserves, and 127 Community Reserves. These protected areas cover a total of 1, 73,629.52 km2 of the geographical area of the country which is approximately 5.28%.

Question – Which is the latest national park in India?

Answer – Raimona National Park and Dihing-Patkai National Park established in Assam in 2021 are the latest national parks in India.

Question – Which is the 105th National Park of India?

Answer – Raimona National Park located in the state of Assam is the 105th National Park of India.

Question – Which is the 106th National Park of India?

Answer – Dihing Patkai National Park located in the state of Assam is the 106th national park of India.

So in this article, we cover a Total of 106 national parks in India including various facts related to national parks in India. I hope you enjoyed this article.

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